Autonomous Systems and the Internet, the position of Angola

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Written by: Darwin Coast | Work group: APF (Angolan Peering Forum)


What is an Autonomous System (AS)?

An Autonomous System (AS) is a group of Internet Protocol (IP) address networks that are managed by one or more network operators that have a clear and unique routing policy.

See: RFC 1930 https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1930

What is an Autonomous System Number (ASN)?

Each Autonomous System (AS) has associated a number that is used as an identifier of the Autonomous System for the exchange of routes between Autonomous Systems called the ASN (Autonomous System Number).

What is an Autonomous System for?

As already mentioned, a unique number (ASN) is assigned to entities (Autonomous Systems) that manage (technical and administrative) their own IP network on the Internet. Making an analogy with the real world, the ASN is as if it were a unique identification number of every citizen in the world.

Therefore, having an ASN is a mandatory condition to be connected to the Internet. In fact, the concept of AS was born with the Internet itself.

The interconnection of Autonomous Systems on the Internet is done through the BGP protocol (Border Gateway Protocol) defined in RFC 4271 https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4271

As the name itself indicates the BGP protocol is generally used in the routers (gateway) of a certain AS.

Taking another analogy, BGP is like a "glue" linking two "interested" ASNs to exchange information on the Internet.

Who assigns the ASN (s)?

The ASN (s) are assigned by RIR (s) (Regional Internet Registries) entities responsible for the allocation of IPv4 & IPV6 IP addresses as well.

The RIR (s) in the world are distributed as follows:

Continent LAUGH
Asia APCNIC
Africa AFRINIC
Europe RIPE NCC
all Latin America LACNIC
América do Norte ARIN


Some countries, such as Brazil, Chile and Mexico, have national entities (National Internet Registry - NIR) linked to the regional RIR, responsible for the distribution and allocation of numbering resources (eg ASN, IPv4 and IPv6 ). However, in Europe and Africa the distribution of numbering resources is done directly through the RIR of the region (RIPE-NCC and Afrinic, respectively).

How many ASN (s) does Angola have?

Angola currently has (56) ASN (s) in accordance with https://bgp.he.net/country/AO with Netspace - Serviços De Telecomunicações being the most recent, with the attribution of ASN328154 by Afrinic.

How can entities in the national territory apply to obtain ASN + IP address?

For help in the process in case of any doubt contact:

[Email protected]

Population correlation vs number of ASN (s):

Country Population ASN (s)
South Africa 56720000 567
Ivory Coast 24290000 271
Niga © ria 190000000 210
Angola 29000000 56

Please note: Data on the population are not absolute numbers and the most recent ones. Date of the population catch up to 2017.

Next article?

Education and Research Networks: what is the importance of NHAs in technical and higher education institutions?

Quiz?

How many school institutions in Angola own their own ASN?

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