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Recently a SAT-3 and WACS submarine cable malfunctions that slowed the internet in Angola. Properly on 16/01/2020 several Internet service outages were reported at submarine stations and submarine cables along the West African Coast. Countries such as Mauritania, Ivory Coast, Gabon Congo and Angola were affected.
Each country had a “Hit ratio”, That is,“ impact ”with greater or lesser criticality. In the morning in Angola it was more critical because apparently both SAT-3 and WACS had problems
What really happened?
Continuing the introductory note and looking from outside the country, it was noted that around 9:46 am on 16/01/2020 only Gabon and Congo countries closest to Angola and located on the West African coast were affected as illustrated in the image below.
Throughout the day after further monitoring using “Oracle Intelligence Tool”It was possible to see in picture 1.1 (taken at 11:15) that Côte d'Ivoire had an impact of 0.3%, Angola already appeared on the map as one of the affected countries and impacted by 0.6%, and the criticality in the Congo and Gabon (Compared to the previous image).
Another catch made around 12:23 shows that the problem has spread and Namibia has become part of the affected countries along the coast with a “hit ratio”, Ie impact of 4.7%, minus 4.1% at the same time as Angola in image 1.1.
- SAT-3 submarine system cutoff;
- WACS problems in the subsea system? Problems at underwater stations?
- Clearly, Congo appears to have a problem with greater impact than other countries in the region;
Large Scale Problems
Knowing that the country has (3) subsea systems where (1) ends in Cacuaco and is managed by Angola Telecom and the other (2) ends in Sangano and are managed by Angola Cables is "CRITICAL" look at the following points:
- It is essential to enter a new submarine cable in Angola and to end it in Cacuaco / Angola Telecom (examples: ACE, SIMBA and or EQUIAN);
- The answer to point (2): At this time Sangano is well-served in terms of mooring submarine systems. Problem is the land routes from Luanda to Sangano that despite being redundant fibers the path is the same.
Assuming there is a serious problem with the Kwanza bar - it will be impossible to get to WACS & SACS.
- Sequence of point (2): So if one of the above cables is tied in Cacuaco we would have full redundancy in subsea systems taking into account the “lifetime” of the SAT-3 compared to the remaining years to reach the obsolete level.
Things to keep in mind:
- The lifespan of an underwater system ranges from 20 to 25 years;
- The SAT-3 / WASC / SAFE was implemented in 2001 - therefore 19 years of actual use and approximately 6 years of remaining service life. "And we all know how time flies."
- Entry of a new subsea system (very high priority);
- Information and data hosting “LOCALLY” (very high priority);
- Ground links to neighboring countries South, East and North (very high priority);
- Use of SACS by regional operators in southern Angola (Namibia and South Africa);
- Regarding point number (2) there are already local cloud services such as: AZCloud of Multipla, ACloud Angola Cables, ITACloud; Mstelcom Cloud etc ..
- Following the above point it is important to mention that even business of Startups who have your information and or websites hosted abroad may be having trouble accessing your information;
It cannot be denied that problems of this magnitude can already be avoided, that the above recommendations are taken into consideration by decision makers as well as companies operating in the Angolan market to serve end users well.
Cable TV Client in Angola for Europe (Lisbon):
The Way >>> Angola - Brazil - United States - Europe
traceroute to 220.127.116.11 (18.104.22.168), 64 hops max, 52 byte packets
- 192.168.100.1 (192.168.100.1) 2.908 ms 1.032 ms 0.890 ms
- lad-as1.tvcabo.ao (22.214.171.124) 17.879 ms 3.662 ms 3.441 ms
- lad-cr1.tvcabo.ao (126.96.36.199) 3.037 ms 4.615 ms 4.445 ms
- 10.10.10.18 (10.10.10.18) 4.458 ms 8.326 ms 4.186 ms
- 188.8.131.52 (184.108.40.206) 5.104 ms 4.230 ms 4.778 ms
- lad-cr1.tvcabo.ao (220.127.116.11) 6.512 ms 13.140 ms 5.491 ms
- 18.104.22.168 (22.214.171.124) 58.626 ms 58.926 ms 58.316 ms
- pe2-nc021.ang.lua.as37468.angolacables.ao (126.96.36.199) 393.166 ms
- pe2-nc022.ang.lua.as37468.angolacables.ao (188.8.131.52) 426.863 ms 435.989 ms
- pe2-nc025.ang.sgn.as37468.angolacables.ao (184.108.40.206) 60.172 ms
- pe2-nc024.ang.sgn.as37468.angolacables.ao (220.127.116.11) 65.507 ms 96.327 ms (Sangano)
- 18.104.22.168 (22.214.171.124) 166.969 ms
- 126.96.36.199 (188.8.131.52) 121.830 ms
- 184.108.40.206 (220.127.116.11) 186.249 ms
- 18.104.22.168 (22.214.171.124) 182.672 ms 182.982 ms (Brazil)
- 12 126.96.36.199 (188.8.131.52) 386.638 ms
- pe1-nce010.uk.lon.as37468.angolacables.ao (184.108.40.206) 502.372 ms 428.830 ms (London)
- pe1-nce015.ger.fnk.as37468.angolacables.ao (220.127.116.11) 297.910 ms * *
- pe1-nce014.fra.mrs.as37468.angolacables.ao (18.104.22.168) 316.465 ms 356.203 ms
- pe1-nce013.fra.mrs.as37468.angolacables.ao (22.214.171.124) 427.225 ms
- pe1-nce014.esp.mdr.as37468.angolacables.ao (126.96.36.199) 484.939 ms 423.628 ms
- pe1-nce013.esp.mdr.as37468.angolacables.ao (188.8.131.52) 381.010 ms
- 16 pe1-nce014.pt.lis.as37468.angolacables.ao (184.108.40.206) 539.727 ms
- pe1-nce015.pt.lis.as37468.angolacables.ao (220.127.116.11) 438.773 ms
- pe1-nce014.pt.lis.as37468.angolacables.ao (18.104.22.168) 403.032 ms (Lisboa)
What was done in ~ 100ms with the current problems is done in ~ 403ms Luanda - Lisbon.